Having adult cystic acne can be a horrendous experience. It is tough enough to have regular acne throughout your younger years. Teenage acne is now so common that it is nearly expected for most people. Unfortunately, this could change into adult cystic acne which is the most painful type and hard to treat.
Similar to normal acne, adult cystic acne results in cysts or nodules under the skin. These can be identified because the cystic variety forms deep under the surfacemuch deeper than whiteheads. Hair follicles are not the culprit this time. It is the sweat ducts.
It may not be just your face that gets these cysts either. It may include the bottom, groin or armpit as well. I personally, know how painful and embarrassing the cystic form of acne can be. When they appear on the face, they can be disturbingly large and troublesome to treat. Longer lasting scars and larger scars are typical with adult cystic acne.
But how will we rid ourselves of cystic acne? The cystic acne must be left alone as it cant effectively be popped without leaving scars. You will wind up pushing the infection deeper instead of out because of how deep the acne is.
The typical first treatment to try would be a benzoyl peroxide cream if your acne is not too severe. This is purchased at your local drugstore. Many of the best acne creams or washes contain benzoyl peroxide. Jojoba oil is an acne friendly moisturizer to help combat the dryness of your skin and sensitivity to the sunshine caused by the benzoyl peroxide.
Unfortunately the severe cases of adult cystic acne may require a trip to the doctor for advice if benzoyl peroxide is not working well enough for you. The bacteria that causes acne is now becoming resistant to most antibiotics. Antibiotics are rarely prescribed now for this reason.
Instead topical retinoids may be prescribed. A relative of vitamin A is the active ingredient of this type of cream. Hair follicle cells are regulated to prevent blockages. You will find Retin-A is one of the most popular retinoids on the market today.
When you first use retinoid products on the skin you will probably find that the acne and redness gets worse before it clears up. Since the products typically take awhile to take full effect, it is important not to stop the medication too soon.
If you have a severe case of adult cystic acne and topical gels are not successful in dealing with it, your doctor may prescribe oral isotretinoin. You will find this listed under several brand names but one of the most famous is Accutane. Oral isotretinoin can be very successful, clearing or significantly improving acne in around 80% of patients. Most patients get permanent improvement in the first round of treatments but about a fourth do require another round of treatments.
Keep in mind that oral isotretinoin does have serious side effects in some situations so it is prescribed in only the most severe cases. Pregnant women should definitely not take the oral isotretinoin as it will often create birth defects. While on this medication women must prevent pregnancy if they are sexually active. Nosebleeds, dry skin and possible liver damage can occur while on this medication and so the patient should be closely monitored.
As you can see there are many ways to address adult cystic acne. There is no need to live with it if it is causing you embarrassment or depression. Visit your doctor for advice and/or prescription medication if you are not satisfied with the over the counter treatments from your local pharmacy.